Impact Lionfish Have On Coral Reefs

While few ecological studies have been conducted, lionfish are highly piscivorous surviving mostly on fish, thus reducing the number of juvenile indigenous reef fish which in turn disrupts marine ecosystem processes and reduces coral reef biodiversity (Albins and Hixon 2008; Morris et al. 2008).
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If their populations are allowed to continue growing unchecked, lionfish have the potential to severely effect the health of our reef, with the possible extinction of several indigenous species.  Although it is still too early to be definitive, evidence from the Bahamas seems to support this information.

Stomach content analyses and observations of feeding behavior show that the reduction in our native fish population are almost certainly caused by lionfish.  Prey items found in lionfish stomachs include the fairy basslet (Gramma loreto), bridled cardinalfish (Apogon aurolineatus), white grunt (Haemulon plumierii), bicolor damselfish (Stegastes pertitus), several wrasses (Halichoeres bivittatus, Halichoeres garnoti and Thalasoma bifasciatum), striped parrotfish (Scarus iserti), and dusky blenny (Malacoctenus gilli). The initial examination of crustacean prey suggests that lionfish also eat banded coral shrimp (Stenopus hispidus) and juvenile spiny lobster (Panulirus Argus). The reduction in recruitment of coral reef fishes suggests that lionfish may also compete with native piscivores by monopolizing this important food resource.  In addition, lionfish have the potential to decrease the abundance of ecologically important species such as parrotfish and other herbivorous fish that keep seaweeds and macroalgae from overgrowing corals.

According to NOAA, adult lionfish feed almost exclusively on fish, while juvenile lionfish feed mainly on crustaceans. Given their population explosion and aggressive behavior, lionfish have the potential to become the most disastrous marine invasion in history by drastically reducing the abundance of coral reef fish and leaving behind a devastated ecosystem. Studies are helping scientists better understand the role that lionfish play and their potential threat to Atlantic Ocean ecosystems.
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Impact Lionfish Have on Coral Reefs at
Fairy Basslet
(Gramma loreto)
(Apogon aurolineatus)White Grunt
(Haemulon plumierii)Bicolor Damselfish
(Stegastes pertitus)Slippery Dick Wrasse
(Halichoeres bivittatus)
White Grunt
(Haemulon plumierii)
Bridle Cardinalfish
(Apogon Aurolineatus)
Fairy Basslet
(Gramma loreto)
Bicolor Damselfish (Stegastes pertitus)
Sippery Dick Wrasse
(Halichoeres bivittatus)
Yellowhead Wrasse (Halichoeres garnoti)
Yellowhead Wrasse
(Halichoeres garnoti)
Bluehead Wrasse
(Thalasoma bifasciatum)Striped Parrotfish
(Scarus iserti)Spiny Lobster
(Panulirus Argus)Banded Coral Shrimp
(Stenopus hispidus)
Bluehead Wrasse
(Thalasoma bifasciatum)
Striped Parrotfish
(Scarus iserti)
Native Reef Fish and Crustaceans that Fall Prey to Lionfish
Spiny Lobster
(Panulirus Argus)
Banded Coral Shrimp
(Stenopus hispidus)